There are as many ways to care for goats as there are goats and goat keepers. This is just how we do things here. We are providing this information for reference only. If you have any questions or comments, please don't hesitate to contact us. Our kids are pulled from their mothers and bottle fed from birth. This is a personal preference that we have chosen for a variety of reasons. This is how we feed them. Obviously a Dam raised kid will have slightly different requirements.
8 oz or larger Soda or Water bottles (We prefer the glass 8oz coke bottles)
Lamb nipples (Pritchard Nipples work too, but we prefer the plain black lamb nipples)
Electric Hot Water Kettle (Not necessary, but makes life a lot simpler)
Before you begin:
Whenever possible use colostrum and/or milk from the Dam of the kid you are feeding. Colostrum should be heat treated before feeding to kids in order to prevent the spread of CAE or other diseases passed through milk. Heat colostrum in a double boiler to 135 degrees Fahrenheit and maintain that temperature for 1 hour. Regular milk should be pasteurized at 145 degrees Fahrenheit for 30 minutes before feeding to kids. Once time is up, place milk in a clean glass bowl in a sink full of ice water to cool. Store in freezer or serve once temperature has been reduced to 103 degrees Fahrenheit +/-. If freezing colostrum I prefer to do it in ice cube trays. Once the tray is frozen solid pop out cubes and place in a ziplock freezer bag with any excess air pressed out. For regular milk I use human breast milk freezer bags and store in 6 ounce increments. Always be sure to label Dam name and date milk was collected. I try to keep enough milk in my freezer for one kid from birth through 12 weeks at all times. Discard any milk that reaches one year of age. For the first week until they accept the bottle readily feed one ounce or less at a time. Once they've back washed in the bottle the remaining milk needs to be discarded.
*It can take up to 4 days for them to accept a bottle so be patient with them. Hold the kid on your lap with head cupped in one hand, head tilted up. Use fingertip from the same hand to nudge open the kids mouth and place the nipple in the mouth using your other hand. It helps to keep a hand towel draped between your hand and the kid, with enough left over to drape over their head once the nipple is in their mouth. This helps provide the darkness that they get when they are under the Dam's udder.
Day Two: (7am - 1pm - 7pm - 1am is our schedule but do whatever times work best for you)
Day Three: (7am - 1pm - 7pm - 1am)
Days Four through Seven: (7am - 1pm - 7pm)
From 1-2 Weeks: (7am - 1pm - 7pm)
From 3-4 Weeks: (7am - 1pm - 7pm)
From 4-6 Weeks: (7am - 1pm - 7pm)
From 6-8 Weeks: (7am - 1pm - 7pm)
8 Weeks to 1 Year: (7am - 7pm)
1 Year Old and Up (Bucks, Wethers, and Dry Unbred Does: (7am - 7pm)
**Our bucks are fed once a day in the evenings. Our does are fed twice a day per our milking schedule in order to keep them trained to the stand regardless of their breeding or lactating condition**
Pregnant Does: (7am - 7pm)
Lactating Does: (7am - 7pm)
Pregnant and Lactating: (7am - 7pm)